Food and its value

  • Uganda’s agricultural potential is to be among the best food providers in Africa.
  • Uganda has temperature variability, two rainy seasons in the southern part which leads to two harvests annually.
  • The fertile soils and favorable climate guarantee fruit and vegetable production for the greater part of the year.
  • Uganda’s fertile agricultural land has the potential to feed 200 million people in Africa (45 million inhabitants).

Agricultural products such as cooking bananas are part of the street scene in Uganda​


  • Uganda is the number 1 fruit-producing country in Africa.
  • Mangoes are by far the most common fruit in Uganda. They grow wild as a gift of nature.
  • Pineapples are a widely grown commodity.
  • Most of the fruits are still grown by smallholder farmers.


  • Uganda is the second leading African coffee producer but is the leading African exporter.
  • During 2019/2020 season Uganda will export approx. 305,000 tons of coffee.
  • Uganda is also known to be one of the birthplaces of Robusta coffee.
  • The Ministry of Gender, Labor and Social Development is proactively advocating for women’s and youth’s involvement and engagement in the coffee sector as farmers, entrepreneurs, and baristas, etc.

Livestock and poultry farming

  • Pork is the most widely consumed meat in the world and Uganda is the highest pork consumer in Africa. A single sow can weigh up to 300 kilograms and farrow more than 10 piglets in one litter.
  • Goats are low maintenance, readily available and are generally friendly. They are capable of adapting to various agro-climatic conditions and they can be raised in plains, hilly tracts, sandy zones or at high altitudes.
  • Chickens are an alternative to larger animals if families don’t have much space and if demand for eggs is high.
  • Beekeeping is a good complement to other agricultural activities and products

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